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  • De facto marriage
  • Customs change. Nowadays, many couples decide to live together without getting married. Uncertain as to choice of partner, disillusioned by a previous marriage, or simply unwilling to make a commitment, an increasing number of unmarried couples are living together. If you are among them, you may be wondering about the legal aspects of your situation.

  • Matrimonial regimes
  • Whether a wedding is civil or religious, certain requirements relating to age, capacity, matrimonial status, blood ties, the officiating minister or official, and the publication of certain notices must be met. Both spouses, necessarily a man and a woman, have the same rights and obligations. They owe each other respect, fidelity, succour and assistance. Each spouse retains his given names and surname after marriage. Both equally share the moral and material responsibility for the family and exercise parental authority together.

  • Family patrimony
  • On July 1st, 1989, the provisions of the law instituting the family patrimony came into force. The purpose of this legislation was to favour economic equality between spouses and to put an end to the injustices of which the poorer spouse could sometimes be the victim especially where the spouses had chosen the matrimonial regime of separation as to property. The effect of this law is to provide for the equal partition (i.e. division) of the value of the family patrimony assets in the event of the death of one of the spouses, or a judgment of separation as to bed and board, divorce or nullity of marriage.

  • Amicable separation or divorce
  • Contemplating the breakdown of a marriage is never easy. Often, the decision is made only after a long period of heartbreak, soul-searching and agonizing uncertainty, especially where children are involved. More and more couples wish to minimize the conflict and amicably dissolve the union in a climate that fosters agreement. If you are among them, your notary can advise you on the legal effects of separation and divorce. Trusted family advisers over the years, notaries specialize in civil law, including matrimonial law.

  • The preliminary contract
  • So you've found your dream house and want to buy it...Be prudent and don't sign anything yet. Did you know, for example, the difference between an offer to purchase and a promise to purchase? Are you in a position to assess the legal effects of either one? See your notary before signing any document for the purchase of an immovable property. He can verify the contents of the document, and tell you exactly what you are getting into.

  • The purchase and sale of a property
  • The purchase or sale of an immovable property is not to be taken lightly. It is a serious act full of consequences. The notary is the acknowledged expert in the law of immovables. Do not hesitate to consult your notary before signing any document for the purchase or sale of an immovable. He will know how to inform you on the precise nature of the document to avoid nasty surprises and ensure that the deed of sale is signed in harmony.

  • Co-ownership of property
  • Co-ownership of property Those acquiring the co-ownership of a property must be properly informed of their rights and obligations. The first step is to define the different types of co-ownership. The law provides for two types of co-ownership, DIVIDED CO-OWNERSHIP (CONDOMINIUM) and UNDIVIDED CO-OWNERSHIP

  • The Notary and your retirement
  • As you embark on your retirement years, content to have make your contribution to society, you have earned the right to enjoy those years in complete peace of mind. Your notary can help you work out solutions for any legal concerns you may have.

  • The Notary a legal adviser
  • Of Latin origin, the notarial profession has existed in Quebec since the French Civil Law took root here, giving this province a unique place in the North American legal world. The practice of the profession is managed by the Chambre des notaires du Quebec, a professional order governed by the Professional Code. Four years of law at university and the continuous refining of his legal knowledge make today's notary a legal adviser in non-contentious matters and a specialist in preventive law.

  • The will
  • No matter how little or how much property you may own, you want to be sure that it is distributed to the right people after your death. It would be very comforting to know that at the time your loved ones are mourning your death, you will have done everything in your power to avoid problems. A will lets you choose your heirs and clearly outline your last wishes. If you do not make a will, the law will instead determine who inherits your property. A proper will is a guarantee that your wishes will be respected. It will also make settling your succession that much easier.

  • The Mandate
  • The prospect of losing the ability to decide for oneself is not a pleasant one. Yet, none of us can be sure of being spared a serious accident or disease which might deprive us of our mental faculties. But there is a solution, the mandate. Given in anticipation of incapacity it garantees that your wishes will be respected.

  • Settlement of a Succession
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  • Your Notary and your money
  • Since the coming into force of the new Civil Code of Quebec, the settlement of a succession has become, more than ever, a delicate and complex matter. The law provides for the transmission of the rights of a deceased person to his heirs and imposes precise rules for liquidation of the succession. In the settlement of a succession, the intervention of a notary ensures that the many obligatory procedures are properly followed and thorny legal questions correctly resolved. Failure to seek his advice may cause undue delay in the liquidation of the deceased's affairs and compromise the fundamental rights of the heirs. The notary is the best advisor of the liquidator, who, by law, must settle the succession; the notary will guide him every step of the way. The notary is the principal artisan and master of the entire operation.

  • The Notary: Your Business Partners
  • More and more business people are turning to notaries when they are in need of a corporate legal advisor or personal financial analyst. A growing number of notaries have specialized, and possess a wealth of experience, in corporate law and personal finance. Having built many close, privileged relationships with the business community over the years, these notaries have become valuable advisors in every facet of commercial activity.